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University of Maryland Eastern Shore

University of Maryland Eastern Shore

The University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES), a part of University System of Maryland (USMD), is located in Princess Anne, Maryland.A historically Black Land Grant University, UMES strives to provide high-quality education for its diverse body of students. It mainly concentrates on baccalaureate programs, with special focus on liberal arts and sciences.The University of Maryland Eastern Shore is approved by the State of Maryland, and fully accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.In September 1886, UMES marked its beginning as Delaware Conference Academy, through the offices of the Delaware Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. It was later named Industrial Branch of Morgan State College, and then Princess Anne Academy.In 1919, the State of Maryland took over the control of the Academy and renamed it Eastern Shore Branch of the Maryland Agricultural College, with an aim to provide a Land-Grant program for African-Americans.Popularly called Princess Anne College, the agricultural college officially changed to Maryland State College - a Division of the University of Maryland.Finally, in July 1970, with the support of the Maryland Board of Regents, it became the University of Maryland Eastern Shore.UMES is the only four-year institution on the shore to offer undergraduate and graduate degree in computer science. It delivers bachelor's degrees in 29 areas, 11 master’s degrees, six doctoral degrees, 13 teaching degree programs, and eight pre-professional programs.An honors program is conferred in association with the University of Maryland at Baltimore. Doctoral programs in toxicology and marine-estuarine- environmental sciences are also available.The university is comprised of five academic units - the schools of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, Arts and Professions, Business and Technology, Health Professions, and Graduate Studies.The sprawling 600-acre campus is dotted with 28 major buildings and 41 other units. The Frederick Douglass Library is a complete information resource for students and faculty.Built in 1733, the Richard A. Henson Center has a 4,200 square-foot meeting space and spacious guest rooms.The university plays an active role as a community outreach provider, including a special education program, called Elderhostel, which is organized for area senior adults. Daily child care and summer camps are also conducted under the outrech program.

List of colleges and universities in Maryland

There are currently 55 colleges and universities, defined as accredited, degree-granting, postsecondary institutions, in the state of Maryland.

The state's public universities are part of the University System of Maryland, with the exception of United States Naval Academy, St. Mary's College of Maryland and Morgan State University, which are public but are not part of the university system. [1] The characteristics of each institution varies from small, intimate, liberal arts colleges such as Washington College and McDaniel College to large, public, research universities such as the University of Maryland, College Park. The oldest school in the state is St. John's College, formerly King William's School, founded in 1696, and the third oldest college or university in the United States. [2] The newest school in the state is the Wor–Wic Community College founded in 1975. [3] The University System of Maryland has two regional higher education centers where several state universities operate satellite programs, the University System of Maryland at Hagerstown founded in 2008 and the Universities at Shady Grove founded in 2000.

As of 2005, approximately 310,689 students (undergraduate, graduate, & professional) were enrolled at Maryland universities and colleges. [4] In fall 2010, 369,320 students (undergraduate, graduate, & professional) enrolled at Maryland universities and colleges (increase of 18.87% since 2005), the highest such enrollment in State history. Women accounted for 57.5% of all students. For undergraduates, Maryland residents constituted 93% of enrollees at community colleges, 76.5% at public four-year institutions, and 54.4% at independent universities and colleges. [5] Universities and colleges in Maryland with regional accreditation are accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education. [6]

Maryland Eastern Shore Hawks

The University of Maryland Eastern Shore Hawks (commonly UMES) are the fifteen sports teams representing University of Maryland Eastern Shore in Princess Anne, Maryland in intercollegiate athletics. These include men and women's basketball, cross country, indoor track, outdoor track, and tennis women's sports include bowling, softball, and volleyball men's sports include baseball and golf. The Hawks are members of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) [2] and Eastern College Athletic Conference. [3]

Maryland Eastern Shore Hawks
UniversityUniversity of Maryland Eastern Shore
ConferenceMid-Eastern Athletic Conference
Eastern College Athletic Conference
NCAADivision I
Athletic directorKeith Davidson
LocationPrincess Anne, Maryland
Varsity teams15
Basketball arenaHytche Athletic Center
Baseball stadiumHawk Stadium
ColorsMaroon and gray [1]
Website easternshorehawks .com

The Hawks compete in the MEAC for all sports except women's golf, where they are an independent, and additionally in the ECAC for cross country, track and field and bowling.


The Eastern Shore consists of nine Maryland counties on the Chesapeake Bay's eastern side—or eastern side of the Susquehanna River (the western border of Cecil County with Harford County Pennsylvania borders across the Mason–Dixon line), with Delaware to the east and north, the Atlantic Ocean on the east, and Virginia's Eastern Shore on the south. Maryland's and Virginia's Eastern Shore and all of Delaware form the Delmarva Peninsula.

The counties comprised in the Eastern Shore are Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties. To the south, the Calvert-Scarborough Line separates Maryland from Virginia. [1] While having different boundaries than in the 17th-18th century, the Eastern Shore's geographic definition was set once everyone agreed on where Watkins Point—on the western side of the peninsula—is and where the Bay's shoreline began (since the bay side peters out into marshes and wetlands).

In 1668, Philip [Calvert] obtained Virginia recognition of Maryland's claims to present-day Somerset County, surveying a dividing line between the two colonies with Surveyor General of Virginia, Edmund Scarborough. Meanwhile, he negotiated treaties with Lower Eastern Shore Indian tribes harassing English settlers. These treaties defined standards of conduct for Indian-English relations, establishing an overall peace in the region. [2]

The northern limit is harder to locate. Some dispute Cecil County as a true Shore territory due to Interstate 95's presence with its surrounding developments, proximity to and influence from nearby urban areas such as Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore. It straddles the Elk River, resulting in 50% of the county being west of the Shore.

Like New Castle County, Delaware, Cecil County is crossed by the Fall Line, a geologic division where the rockier highlands of the Piedmont region meet the Atlantic coastal plain, a flat, sandy area that forms the coast. The coastal plain includes the Delmarva Peninsula and hence the Eastern Shore of Maryland. The geology of Delmarva is an inseparable part of the Eastern Shore, which has few rocky outcrops south of Kent County.

The Chesapeake and Delaware Canal crosses from Back Creek on the Elk River to Port Penn, Delaware. While it was a shallow canal with locks after its construction in 1829, it was deepened in the early 20th century to sea level, and physically separates the Delmarva Peninsula from the rest of the United States. Maryland south of the canal is considered the Eastern Shore by residents. The term Western Shore is used by Eastern Shore residents to describe all the counties of Maryland west of the Chesapeake Bay, but especially those of the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area and Southern Maryland.

The north–south section of the Mason–Dixon line forms the border between Maryland and Delaware. The border was originally marked every mile by a stone, and every five miles by a "crownstone". The line is not quite due north and south, but is as straight as survey methods of the 1760s could make it. It was surveyed as a compromise solution to a century-long wrangle over colonial territory between the Penn and Calvert families of England. If the Chesapeake Bay/Delaware Bay watershed divide had been taken as the borderline, the state of Delaware would be about half its current size.

Early history Edit

William Claiborne was granted land (part of the Colony of Virginia) in 1629 and named the land "Kent County". In 1631, he sailed north up the Chesapeake Bay from its south and west side to the area known today as Kent Island. There he made a fortified settlement that is considered to be the first English settlement within the Province of Maryland. Talbot County was formed in 1662. Cecil County was formed in 1674, by proclamation of the Governor, from eastern portions of Baltimore County and the northern portion of Kent County. Wicomico County was formed in 1867, as the 9th and last county, created from Somerset and Worcester counties.

Formation of the counties Edit

  • 1642 Kent County - In 1642, the governor and council appointed commissioners for the Isle and County of Kent. This act appears to have led to the establishment of Kent County, named after the county of Kent in England.
  • 1661 Talbot County - named for Lady Grace Talbot, the wife of Sir Robert Talbot, an Irish statesman, and the sister of Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore.
  • 1666 Somerset County - named for Mary, Lady Somerset, the wife of Sir John Somerset and daughter of Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour.
  • 1669 Dorchester County - Named for the Earl of Dorset, a family friend of the Calverts (the founding family of the Maryland colony). Dorchester is the County Town of Dorset in England.
  • 1674 Cecil County.
  • 1706 Queen Anne's County - formed from northern parts of Talbot and southern portions of Kent. Name after Queen Anne of Great Britain who reigned when the county was established.
  • 1742 Worcester County - named for the Earl of Worcester.
  • 1773 Caroline County - formed from parts of Dorchester and Queen Anne's counties. The county derives its name from Lady Caroline Eden, wife of Maryland's last colonial governor of the Province of Maryland, Robert Eden.
  • 1867 Wicomico County.

Later history Edit

Ocean City was founded on July 4, 1875, [3] when the Atlantic Hotel opened on Assateague Island. At the time, Assateague Island was continuous from the Delaware state line to well south of Ocean City: the Ocean City Inlet was not formed until a hurricane in August 1933 cut across the south end of the town. The inlet was cut not by waves sweeping inland, but by 4 or 5 days' worth of freshwater runoff from the coastal creeks running seaward. By 1935, government money had built jetties to make the inlet permanent, dividing Fenwick Island (north) from Assateague Island (south). Early transportation to the island was by train.

Until the 1820s, travel and commerce between the Eastern Shore and Baltimore were less important than the connections between it and Philadelphia. Water travel by sailboat and steamer linked the Eastern Shore to Baltimore more tightly beginning about 1813, when the first steamboat traveled the Bay. By the 1880s, railroad lines linked the Eastern Shore to Philadelphia and later, Norfolk, Virginia, by way of a railroad line straight south from Wilmington to Dover, Delmar, Salisbury, and Cape Charles. Maryland's Eastern Shore was served by branch lines running generally southwest from the main route. See List of railroad lines in the Delmarva Peninsula. The Eastern Shore's many branchlines were built after the Civil War by local companies by the late nineteenth century, all were controlled by the Pennsylvania Railroad (which also bought control of the steamboat and ferry routes), then Conrail and Norfolk Southern. Today the remaining active railroad tracks on the Eastern Shore are operated by short-line railroads Delmarva Central Railroad and the Maryland and Delaware Railroad.

Commercial east–west ties between Delaware towns and Maryland towns were culturally significant in Colonial and Early American periods despite the border line (which largely cut through woods and swamps). Trade with Philadelphia was conducted by overland routes to Delaware towns such as Odessa (then called Cantwell's Bridge) and Smyrna (then called Duck Creek). Agricultural products and milled grain were taken up the Delaware River by "shallop men" in small vessels called shallops. These cultural connections continue to this day.

An east–west rail route ran from a ferry terminal at Claiborne, west of St. Michaels, to Ocean City, via the Baltimore and Eastern Shore Railroad and the Wicomico and Pocomoke Railroad. Travelers could also take a ferry to Love Point on Kent Island, board a Queen Anne's Railroad train, and travel east to Lewes and Rehoboth Beach, Delaware.

Automobile transportation across the Chesapeake Bay was by ferryboat until 1952, when the first Chesapeake Bay Bridge was opened for traffic.

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, developers began selling lots on Assateague Island, south of the inlet. However, a storm on March 6, 1962 destroyed houses, shacks, and roads. [4] The state and federal governments intervened before reconstruction by creating the Assateague Island National Seashore and Assateague State Park to preserve this area rather than have it be developed.

An Eastern Shore Baseball League operated during three periods between 1922 and 1949. [5] It was a Class D minor league with teams in all three states of Delmarva.

Although the Eastern Shore comprises more than a third of Maryland's land area, it has a population of 420,792 (2004 census estimate), about 8% of Maryland's population.

The most populous city on the Eastern Shore is Salisbury, and the most populous county is Wicomico. The Salisbury metropolitan area is the only metropolitan statistical area on the Eastern Shore it comprises Somerset, Wicomico, and Worcester counties, and Sussex County, Delaware.

As a whole the Eastern Shore is considerably more conservative than the more densely populated and urban Western Shore. Since the late 20th century, when conservative whites shifted to the Republican Party, the region has strongly supported Republican candidates for governor. The last three Republican candidates for governor–Ellen Sauerbrey, Bob Ehrlich, and Larry Hogan–have swept all nine counties.

At the presidential level, the Eastern Shore also leans Republican. But Kent and Somerset counties have flipped back and forth in supporting Democratic and Republican presidential candidates. The last Democrat to win Dorchester County was Bill Clinton from Arkansas in 1996. Cecil County has not gone Democratic since Jimmy Carter from Georgia won the county in 1976. Queen Anne's, Caroline, Wicomico, and Worcester counties have voted Republican at every election subsequent to Lyndon Johnson's landslide. Up until 2020, this was true for Talbot County as well, but it was won by Joe Biden. [6]

The Eastern Shore has long been a part of Maryland's 1st Congressional district. [7] Democrat Roy Dyson represented the 1st district from 1981 until 1990, when he was defeated by Republican Wayne Gilchrest. Gilchrest held the seat until 2008, when State Senator Andy Harris defeated him in the Republican primary. Harris narrowly lost the subsequent general election to Democrat Frank Kratovil, Queen Anne's County state's attorney. In 2010, Harris again ran for the district and handily defeated Kratovil after a single term in office. Harris has held the seat without serious difficulty since.

In the Maryland General Assembly, the Eastern Shore encompasses a portion of district 35B and all of districts 35A, 36, 37A and 37B, 38A, 38B and 38C. All seats are held by Republicans except for a state delegate seat in district 37A.

Gubernatorial election results
Year Republican Democratic Other Total
2018 [8] 75.80% 131,649 23.02% 39,986 1.16% 1,279 173,657
2014 [9] 71.45% 100,608 26.93% 37,919 1.62% 2,277 140,804
2010 [10] 59.35% 92,231 38.19% 59,343 2.46% 3,827 155,401
2006 [11] 62.05% 90,319 36.92% 53,748 1.03% 1,502 145,569
2002 [12] 68.07% 90,000 31.19% 41,241 0.73% 970 132,211
1998 [13] 59.02% 66,434 40.94% 46,079 0.04% 50 112,563
1994 [14] 62.60% 65,585 37.40% 39,187 0.00% 3 104,775
Presidential election results [15]
Year Democratic Republican Others
2020 41.0% 94,716 56.6% 130,622 2.4% 5,588
2016 36.3% 77,104 58.4% 123,991 5.3% 11,329
2012 42.0% 86,879 56.0% 115,669 2.0% 4,062
2008 42.9% 87,700 55.5% 113,518 1.6% 3,285
2004 38.8% 71,435 60.1% 110,661 1.1% 1,942
2000 43.0% 64,336 53.7% 80,329 3.2% 4,787
1996 42.8% 54,537 46.7% 59,522 10.6% 13,510
1992 36.5% 50,121 44.1% 60,518 19.4% 26,713
1988 36.3% 41,797 63.3% 72,886 0.5% 551
1984 32.5% 34,934 67.1% 72,235 0.4% 454
1980 42.9% 43,447 51.3% 52,000 5.8% 5,919
1976 48.6% 43,838 51.4% 46,301
1972 27.5% 23,215 71.2% 60,020 1.3% 1,088
1968 30.0% 25,506 46.6% 39,578 23.3% 19,808
1964 57.0% 45,899 43.0% 34,585
1960 47.1% 38,722 52.9% 43,534

Tourism Edit

Ocean City's skyline, containing tall hotels and condominiums, stands out within Delmarva. At the southern end of the town, a recreational boardwalk spans over thirty blocks, containing carnival rides and games, restaurants, bars, arcades, and clothing boutiques.

Tourists visit St. Michaels on a neck surrounded by water the colonial former port of Oxford Chestertown and isolated Smith Island in the Chesapeake Bay. North of Crisfield is Janes Island State Park, with camping and kayaking trails through marshlands.

Fishing Edit

At the southern end of the Chesapeake coast of Maryland, the town of Crisfield is home to a fishing, crabbing, and seafood processing industry.

Agriculture Edit

In the 21st century, the main economic activities on the Eastern Shore are vegetable and grain farming, seafood, large-scale chicken breeding (Perdue Farms was founded in Salisbury and is still headquartered there today), and tourism. Tobacco was the chief commodity crop during colonial times. The agricultural economy switched to mixed products, including grain, in the second half of the 18th century. [16] [ unreliable source? ]

Energy Edit

Energy in the Eastern shore is provided by five oil and natural gas plants. [17]

Pipeline Edit

As part of the broader Chesapeake Bay watershed, the Eastern Shore confronts common environmental issues of the watershed, such as nutrient runoff from agriculture, but it is also vulnerable to climate change.

Because of its low-lying geography and sandy soil, the region is particularly vulnerable to sea level rise and salt water intrusion. [18] Moreover, because of the coastal geography, infrastructure is already being damaged both due to sea level rise, and storm surge from tropical storms and hurricanes. [18]

The Eastern Shore’s economy depends on the larger fisheries and farming, both of which are sensitive to climate change. [18]

Waterways Edit

Various waterways provide a medium for commerce and boaters: the Atlantic Ocean, Chesapeake Bay, the Susquehanna River, and the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal.

Roads Edit

There are three major routes onto the Shore:

  • The Chesapeake Bay Bridge spans 4.35 miles (7.00 km) of the Chesapeake Bay, and at the time of construction in 1952, was the longest continuous over-water steel structure. [19] A second parallel span was added in 1973 and a third has been discussed, most recently in 2006. A third span would not open, according to state officials, until about 2025. The bridges have eased commuting to larger cities. Kent Island, site of the first English settlement on the Shore, has become a bedroom community for Washington, DC Annapolis, and Baltimore. Kent Island is part of Queen Anne's County.

The two major highways on the Eastern Shore are U.S. Route 13 and U.S. Route 50, which meet in Salisbury.

Airports Edit

Airports for private planes include:

The Eastern Shore has made several attempts to separate from Maryland. Proposals were debated in Maryland's General Assembly in 1833–1835, 1852, and 1998. There were earlier proposals visualizing a state encompassing the Delmarva Peninsula. The 1998 proposal by state Senators Richard F. Colburn and J. Lowell Stoltzfus did not specify a status for Eastern Shore's nine counties following secession, but suggested the new state's name could be "Delmarva". [26]

Salisbury hosts the largest bicycling event east of the Mississippi – the Sea Gull Century and two major Maryland wine and craft beer festivals. [ citation needed ]

Easton hosts a three-day artist event, the Waterfowl Festival, every November. Duck and goose hunting from blinds is a popular activity using carved wooden duck decoys, which can also be prized works of art. [27]

The 2005 film Wedding Crashers was filmed on locations at Maryland's Eastern Shore, including the historic Inn at Perry Cabin.

Chesapeake is a novel by James A. Michener, published by Random House in 1978. The story deals with several families living in the Chesapeake Bay area, from 1583 to 1978.

University of Maryland Eastern Shore

The prep school-style institution was founded as a branch of Baltimore’s Centenary Bible Institute, which in 1890 became known as Morgan College – the same year federal legislation passed to support historically black institutions that offered instruction in agriculture and related fields.

With the adoption of the 2nd Morrill Act, the “Industrial Branch” of Morgan in rural Somerset County started receiving funding through the state of Maryland – and eventually was rechristened Princess Anne Academy.

This federal source of money also created a relationship with the Maryland Agricultural College, now the University of Maryland, College Park, although the campus in Princess Anne remained a part of Morgan College – at the time a private institution. In 1948, the name was changed to Maryland State College it was again renamed the University of Maryland Eastern Shore in 1970.

The University of Maryland Eastern Shore is home to five schools: Agricultural and Natural Sciences Business and Technology Education, Social Sciences and the Arts Graduate Studies and Pharmacy and Health Professions.

With our selection of University of Maryland Eastern Shore apparel, show your pride in being associated with this great school in looks that are both stylish and comfortable. Whether you are a newly admitted student, already in the middle of your academic career on campus, or a proud graduate looking to represent your alma mater around the world, we have you covered.

Please contact us for assistance. We are always happy to help in any way.

University of Maryland Eastern Shore - A History

The University of Maryland Eastern Shore offers an impressive array of accredited academic programs blending a time-honored curriculum with instruction in such contemporary fields as allied health, construction management technology, criminal justice, hospitality/tourism and professional golf management.

Fifteen miles from the Chesapeake Bay and 25 miles from the Atlantic Ocean, UMES is home to a multi-cultural student body drawn from a broad spectrum of backgrounds and perspectives. Its focus as an 1890 land-grant institution is on teaching, research and outreach, emphasizing stewardship of the environment, land and sea.

UMES was founded by the Methodist Episcopal Church as a prep school on Sept. 13, 1886 with nine students and three teachers. Today, it has evolved into a vibrant public research university with 200 full-time faculty members and nearly 4,400 students from three dozen nations. Its 1,138-acre footprint on the lower Eastern Shore of Maryland includes a 385-acre farm adjoining a tidal creek that is used for agriculture research.

UMES’ 15th leader is Dr. Juliette B. Bell, a biochemistry educator-researcher who came to Princess Anne. Md. in July 2012 from Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio, where she was chief academic officer.

The university offers 38 undergraduate, 16 master’s and eight doctoral programs, including its newest, a Master of Science in Cybersecurity Engineering Technology. Together, they represent UMES’ commitment to core values emphasizing arts and sciences form a foundation for instruction in agriculture, business, computer science, criminal justice, educator training and health care professions. Twenty-eight academic units boast peer-review accreditation.

U.S. News & World Report’s most recent annual survey of the nation’s Best Black Colleges rated UMES 30th.

Among UMES’ signature programs are construction management technology, hospitality-tourism management, engineering and aviation science. University researchers, in fact, are engaged in identifying effective domestic uses for unmanned aircraft – more commonly known as drones – with a focus on environmental monitoring and helping farmers with precision agriculture.

In October 2014, the university and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration co-hosted some 500 participants at a national conference where the focus was innovative education and research initiatives universities are employing to train scientists, engineers, mathematicians and technology professionals drawn from underrepresented populations.

UMES is proud to be the nation’s lone historically black institution authorized by the PGA of America to offer a bachelor’s degree where graduates not only play golf at a highly skilled level but are prepared for a broad spectrum of careers within the golf industry.

Graduate offerings include master’s degrees in applied computer science, criminology and criminal justice, food and agricultural sciences, marine-estuarine-environmental sciences, pharmaceutical sciences, quantitative fisheries and resource economics, rehabilitation counseling and toxicology.

Doctorates are awarded in food science and technology, marine-estuarine-environmental sciences, organizational and educational leadership, toxicology, pharmacy and physical therapy. UMES’ physical therapy program was one of just 25 institutions where every graduate passed a national certification exam on the first try this past fall.

As a charter member of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference, UMES has accumulated 24 league championships, including two – men’s cross-country and women’s bowling – earned during the 2014-15 academic year. With seven Division 1 national championships, UMES has the most titles of any historically black institution competing at that level.

MEAC has been recognized UMES six consecutive years for having the league's best graduation success rate (GSR). Eighty-eight percent of student athletes who competed between 2004 and 2007 earned degrees.

The online site, College Court Report, named UMES’ mascot, Harry the Hawk, as Division 1 college basketball’s top mascot in an Internet bracket polling competition a year ago.

Accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education, UMES’ 14:1 student-faculty ratio, $20 million in annual funded research, tradition of inclusiveness and membership in the University System of Maryland make it a strong engine of growth and economic development.

Rise of the Sea Gulls

With its academic program having expanded beyond teacher education, the campus was renamed again in 1963, becoming Salisbury State College (SSC). In 1948, students had selected the “Golden Gulls” (often abbreviated as just “Gulls”) as the school’s mascot in a Student Government Association Contest. With the campus’ new name, the mascot also received an upgrade, borrowing the last letter in “SSC” to become the “Sea Gulls.” In 1966, it was personified by a caricature of a muscular seagull. By the 1970s, that character would go by the name Sammy Sea Gull.

That decade became a golden era for the campus, during which many programs and amenities still enjoyed today were established. These include several varsity athletics teams, the campus radio station, The Flyer student newspaper and the SSC (now SU) Foundation, Inc. The college also continued its physical growth in the 󈨀s and 󈨊s, with additions including a new science building, Devilbiss Hall, in 1967 its first co-ed residence hall, Choptank Hall, in 1972 East Campus athletic fields in 1976 and Maggs Physical Activities Center in 1977.

Our History

Detachment 330 has been commissioning leaders of character into the United States Air Force since its beginning. The program traces its roots to the military training that has been conducted at the University of Maryland since 1864 as part of the Morrill Land Grant Act. The act required colleges to provided instruction in military tactics and drill in order to provide trained citizen soldiers for the United States should a war break out. ROTC at the University of Maryland started in 1920 and produced many fine officers for the United States Army and the Army Air Corps including Leonard T. Schroeder, the first American soldier ashore on D-Day.

In 1949 the university decided to establish an all Air Force ROTC program, becoming the first land grant college to do so, and appointed Colonel John C. Pitchford, as the Dean of Military Science. This marks the beginning of AFROTC’s history at the University of Maryland, and since that time the detachment has a leader in excellence and innovation. In the 1950s, the detachment helped to commission some of the first African-American officers into the Air Force by providing cadre to instruct African-American cadets at Maryland State College, today the University of Maryland Eastern Shore. Additionally it was one of ten programs chosen to allow women to compete for commissions in the Women in the Air Force (WAF), a program that allowed women to serve in limited roles in the Air Force before they were accepted on an equal basis with men in the 1970s.

The 1960s and 70s saw the Vietnam War, the abolishment mandatory ROTC, and student protests on campus, but Detachment 330 remained and continued to focus on its mission: “To Recruit, Develop, Assess, Train, and Educate the World’s Best Leaders.” From marching in President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s inauguration parade to commissioning some of the finest leaders of character that have served our nation, the Old Line Wing has played a storied role in UMD and Air Force history.

As it looks to the past for inspiration, Detachment 330 will continue to make history.

NAIA tournament results Edit

The Hawks have appeared in the NAIA Tournament seven times. Their combined record is 10–7.

Year Round Opponent Result
1960 First Round Westminster L 63–64
1961 First Round Missouri Valley L 74–89
1965 First Round Benedictine College L 73–75
1969 First Round
Second Round
National Championship Game
Central Washington
Eastern New Mexico
W 99–90
W 85–83
W 99–94
W 93–87
L 76–99
1970 First Round
Second Round
California (PA)
Morris Harvey
Eastern New Mexico
W 101–67
W 88–78
L 74–76 OT
1972 First Round Xavier (LA) L 80–102
1973 First Round
Second Round
National Championship Game
Montana State–Billings
Ferris State
Xavier (LA)
Slippery Rock
W 114–107
W 95–90
W 87–80
W 113–82
L 96–99

NIT results Edit

The Hawks have appeared in the National Invitation Tournament (NIT) one time. Their record is 1–1.

Timeline of slavery in Maryland

1634- English settlers found St. Mary's City in Southern Maryland.

1642- Mathias De Sousa, a former indentured servant in Maryland, votes as a freeman in the Maryland Propietary Assembly.

1642- The first cargo ship with 13 Africans arrives in St. Mary's City. The legal status of indentured servants and slaves in Maryland remains in contention.

1664- Maryland legalizes slavery.

1775- The Revolutionary War begins.

1783- Maryland prohibits the importation of slaves.

1783- The Maryland Gazette published "Vox Africanorum", an editorial denouncing the inequality in the newly formed America, which promoted liberty and freedom while enslaving thousands.

1789- Josiah Henson, believed to have inspired the title character in Uncle Tom's Cabin, is born in Charles County, Maryland.

1789- Anti-slavery advocates found the Maryland Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery and for Relief of Poor Negroes and Others Unlawfully Held in Bondage.

1796- The Maryland General Assembly liberalizes the state's manumission laws regarding how and when a slave owner can free his/her slaves.

1802- Maryland General Assembly declares that free black men cannot vote.

1818- Frederick Douglass is born in Talbout County, Maryland.

1822- Hariet Tubman is born in Dorchester County, Maryland.

1831- The Maryland Colonizational Society forms to colonize Maryland blacks in Africa.

1832- In response to the Nat Turner Revolt, Maryland's legislature prohibits free blacks from entereing the state.

1838- Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery in Baltimore, publishes his first autiobiography 7 years later.

1849- Hariet Tubman escapes from slavery. In the years that follow, she mounts numerous missions into Maryland's Eastern Shore to lead enslaved blacks to freedom.

1852- Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe is published.

1857- The U.S. Supreme Court hands down the Dred Scott decision, which denied African Americans equal rights as citizens.

1860- The Maryland General Assembly outlaws manumission by deed or will.

1861- The Civil War begins.

1862- Slavery is abolished in District of Columbia.

1863- Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, which frees all slaves in the territories currently in rebellion.

1864- On November 1, slavery is abolished in Maryland.

1865- Slavery is abolished in all of the states by the 13th Amendment.

Watch the video: UMES Campus Tour (January 2022).