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Super Tuesday February 4, 2008 - History

Super Tuesday February 4, 2008 - History

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A look back at Memphis’ Super Tuesday tornado outbreak 12 years ago

MEMPHIS, Tenn. (WMC) - There seems to be something about Election Day and severe weather.

You’ve no doubt heard about the deadly tornadoes that hit the Nashville area early this morning. It isn’t the first time that deadly tornadoes have struck in Tennessee on Super Tuesday.

On Feb. 5, 2008, we were under the gun here in the Mid-South. There was a huge and deadly tornado outbreak not only for us in the Mid-South but also for much of the southern United States. This outbreak is known as the “Super Tuesday Outbreak." That day was the primary election for our country.

A cold front and strong area of low pressure moved through the Mid-South and was the main trigger for the severe weather outbreak.

Ahead of the front, we felt temperatures in the 70s, and it was muggy too. Dewpoints, which are a direct measure of moisture in the air, were in the upper 60s. (pretty muggy!). In fact, we hit a record high in Memphis of 79 degrees that afternoon, and get this. lows only fell to the 60s.

That’s very rare for a February day!

The Storm Prediction Center (SPC) issued a high risk for severe weather with Memphis being the center of the high risk.

A high risk is the highest severe weather category (category 5 out of 5). It is rarely issued and reserved for those setups that indicate the most dangerous potential for tornado outbreaks, which can include long-lived supercells.

The first tornado touched down just before 4:30 p.m. and the last tornado touchdown just after 8 p.m. There was a total of 25 tornadoes surveyed by the National Weather Service in Memphis across the Mid-South.

Four of the tornadoes occurred in Arkansas, eight in Mississippi and 13 in Tennessee. There was so much damage to buildings, towers and even dormitories near Jackson, Tennessee where an EF-4 tornado touched down after sundown.

There were nine fatalities and 106 injuries for the outbreak across the Mid-South. Most of the injuries were due to the EF-4 that touched down at Union University north of Jackson.

In the aftermath of the storms there was major damage, especially from the EF-4 that touched down in Jackson.

Were you here for the Super Tuesday 2008 outbreak? What do you remember about that day? Let us know on Facebook or Twitter.

Super Tuesday February 4, 2008 - History

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    On the night of Tuesday February 5th, 2008 at approx. 7:44pm a deadly upper range EF3 tornado slammed into my home county of Muhlenberg County, Kentucky. Cutting a 16 mile long, one-quarter mile wide path of death and destruction as it cut across three of the most populous cities in the county. Over 300 homes were destroyed and countless others damaged. I was granted all access to the various scenes in the county and it was my intent to capture the horrible scene through my eyes. The eyes of a Muhlenberg Countian. My thoughts and prayers are with all the people in the communities of Greenville, Powderly, and Central City (my hometown), Kentucky in this terrible time of need.


    February 5, 2008

    On Tuesday, February 5, 2008, there was a large and deadly tornado outbreak across much of the southern United States. The event, which is commonly referred to as the "Super Tuesday Outbreak," refers to the many states across the country that held primary elections on that day. A cold front was located to the west of the Mid-South, with a warm and unstable airmass over the region that was characterized by high temperatures in the 70s and dewpoints in the mid to upper 60s.

    Surface Maps from Feb. 5 at Noon to Feb. 6 at Midnight (click on image to enlarge)

    Temperature Graphs for Memphis, Jonesboro, Jackson and Tupelo from Feb. 3 - Feb 6, 2008

    The Storm Prediction Center (SPC) issued an area of High Risk for severe weather with Memphis being in the center of the high risk area. SPC stated "[The] overall synoptic setup will become quite favorable for an outbreak of severe thunderstorms and tornadoes, including long-lived tornadic supercells, centered on the Mid-South this afternoon and evening."

    Map of "Super Tuesday" Tornado Outbreak across the Southeastern U.S.

    Mid-South Synopsis

    An outbreak of tornadoes began around 4:30 PM and last nearly four hours until 8:30 PM CST. The first tornado occurred just before 4:30 p.m. and the last one occurred just after 8:00 p.m. A total of 25 tornadoes were surveyed across the Mid-South. Four of the tornadoes were in Arkansas, 8 in Mississippi, 13 in Tennessee. (Note: one of the tornadoes in Mississippi crossed from DeSoto County into Shelby County, Tennessee). Many buildings, transmission towers, and dormitories were damaged near Jackson, Tennessee, where an EF-4 tornado touched down after sundown. Remarkably, a total of just 9 fatalities occurred with 106 injuries for the outbreak across the Mid-South. Nearly half of the injuries were attributed to the EF-4 that touched down at Union University north of Jackson, TN around 7:00 PM that evening.

    Here is a radar loop from February 5, 2008, with the warning polygons

    Number of Tornadoes in the Mid-South on Feb. 5, 2008, by EF Scale

    Here are some images from the storms and the damage from the storms. (click image to enlarge)

    Bragging Rights

    A spooky ad that ran repeatedly during CNN’s Super Tuesday coverage suggested that you should contemplate your life as if you had only one month to live. If you do that, expect to exit without knowing the Democratic nominee. After Super Tuesday voting, the clearest thing about the race on the Democratic side is that it’s headed into March—and quite possibly beyond.

    Both the Clinton and Obama campaigns emerged from Super Tuesday with bragging rights. Clinton trounced Obama in Massachusetts, 56 percent to 41 percent. It was a thrashing that almost matched the one he gave her in South Carolina. She had been ahead in polls in the state, but for the last week, Barack Obama has had about the best press imaginable there. He was being compared often to JFK by Kennedy family members, who did everything but play touch football with him on the lawn. Obama also had the support of Massachusetts Sen. John Kerry and Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick.

    Clinton also won the toss-up state of New Jersey and the largest popular-vote prize in California, where she was able to stop Obama’s movement with two crucial blocs of voters. She won Latino voters by 32 points even though Obama was endorsed by the state’s largest Spanish-language newspaper. She won by 18 points among women despite a widely publicized rally attended by Michele Obama, Oprah Winfrey, and Caroline Kennedy, at which California first lady Maria Shriver made a surprise appearance and endorsement.

    Obama, for his part, can brag about picking up Connecticut, a state in Clinton’s own back yard. He also stole more votes from her home state of New York than she took from him in Illinois. And Obama claimed his share of the toss-up states, winning the popular vote in Colorado and Delaware. These wins, plus his victories in Georgia and Alabama, allowed Obama, like Clinton, to claim a geographically diverse set of victories. By several measures, Obama was the victor: He picked up 13 states to Clinton’s eight, and he won more pledged delegates. This gives him additional momentum going into some promising-looking primaries over the next couple of weeks. The contests in the next two weeks in Virginia, Maryland, and Washington, D.C., on Feb. 12, followed by Wisconsin and Hawaii on Feb. 19, all favor him. His $32 million fund-raising record in January shows that he will have more money than Clinton to wage a protracted campaign. Obama will also have time to become better known—particularly for the March 4 primaries in Ohio and Texas—than he did in the 22 states in which he competed today.

    The exit polls in the 16 primary states in which they were taken showed that the contours of the race as we’ve come to know them are still in place. Obama did well with African-Americans, men, the wealthy, those with college degrees, and liberal voters. Clinton continues to do well with women, older voters, Latinos, and those with less education and lower incomes. Inside those patterns, some shifts were visible. In recent national polls, Clinton’s lead among women was 15 percentage points. Exit polls showed that her margin among women was only seven percentage points (though among white women, her margin was 20 percentage points). Obama also turned in strong performances among white male voters, picking up 40 percent in Georgia and almost 50 percent in California.

    Both candidates took advantage of their strengths but didn’t put to rest questions about their weaknesses. Obama beat Clinton by 40 points among the 52 percent of voters who say they want change. Clinton trounced him 91 percent to 5 percent among those who say experience is the most important quality in a candidate, but that group represented only 22 percent of the voters.

    In a political year during which the conventional wisdom has taken beating after beating, perhaps no assumption has been made more obsolete than the idea that the front-loaded primary system would foist an early winner on the American people. I suggest you ignore that One Month To Live ad and plan on living at least through the Democratic Convention.

    7 Super Tuesday Winners Who Nabbed The Nomination

    Super Tuesday is a big deal for presidential hopefuls as they continue to campaign and vie for the highest office in the land. The massive series of caucuses and primaries that occur in one day affect both the Democratic and Republican parties. Candidates have been avidly campaigning around the country. The big event affects far more than the contiguous United States as well. Both America Samoa and Democrats abroad will have the opportunity for their voices to be heard as they seek to narrow the field and help their respective parties find a presidential nominee. To better accurately predict what the results of Super Tuesday means for both the left and the right, it's pretty helpful to take a look back. Past Super Tuesday winners who won the nomination include quite a few presidents as well as political heavy-hitters who've gone on to do great things.

    The first formal Super Tuesday to take place occurred in 1984. Within the next election cycle, clamor for the event had continued to mount, most notably in the South. After so many election seasons with what they felt like was little care from candidates, southern Democrats hatched a plan to force politicians to take notice of them. They looked to Super Tuesday as their big moment. The 1988 Super Tuesday saw 21 states hold primaries and caucuses. Considering that the inaugural event had just nine events, 1988 Super Tuesday was expected to be a major win. The path of the Democratic victor that year tells a markedly different story, however.

    Here's a look at the presidential candidates who won Super Tuesday and then took their party's nomination as well — but not necessarily the presidency.

    1988 — Michael Dukakis

    Former Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis managed to win the two largest states during the 1988 Super Tuesday. His victory only further divided the Democratic party at the time, however. Dukakis' nabbing of 372 delegates was just 22 more than the second place candidate, Rev. Jesse Jackson. It would not be until the Democratic National Convention that Dukakis would firmly and formally be nominated for president, however. Jackson and many other candidates refused to concede up until that point. Dukakis would go on to lose to George H.W. Bush.

    1992 — Bill Clinton

    Nearly two and a half decades ago, former Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton was considered a relative unknown to the Democratic party when he announced his intent to run for president. Come the 1992 Super Tuesday, the candidate firmly established himself as the come from behind frontrunner. Clinton won every southern state to hold a caucus or primary on Super Tuesday. Such a decisive victory is what ultimately flipped the script of the 1992 election. Clinton would not only go on to receive the Democratic nomination but be elected as president.

    1996 — Bob Dole

    Third time was the charm for former Kansas Sen. Bob Dole, who had previously failed to nab the Republican presidential nomination when campaigning in 1980 and 1988. Dole's total sweep during the 1996 Super Tuesday series of caucuses and primaries effectively cemented him as the GOP nominee. His victory decided the Republican field so convincingly that fellow candidate Steve Forbes ended his campaign the day after Super Tuesday took place. "I think it is pretty clear now that Bob Dole will be the nominee," Dole said, speaking in the third person following his big win.

    2000 — Al Gore

    What do GOP frontrunner Donald Trump and former Vice President Al Gore have in common? Both are the only politicians in their respective parties to win every delegate in the South Carolina primary. If Trump's pattern of sweeping victories continues, history may repeat itself yet again for the real estate mogul, giving him yet another thing in common with Gore. Following his big win in the Palmetto State, the former veep-turned-climate change activist had a seriously remarkable 2000 Super Tuesday in which he won all 11 states that held primaries and caucuses.

    2004 — John Kerry

    John Kerry's 2004 Super Tuesday was an incredibly dominating one. The current secretary of state won nine out of 10 states that held caucuses and primaries. Democrats were the party to watch in 2004 due to President George W. Bush seeking re-election. Many considered Kerry to be a solid candidate to defeat Bush and he came quite close during the general election, falling to the 43rd president by a mere 118,000 votes cast in the key swing state of Ohio.

    2008 — John McCain

    Results from Super Tuesday 2008 all but cemented Arizona Sen. John McCain's GOP presidential nomination. Though the senator lost to current President Barack Obama, he nonetheless ran a competitive campaign that changed drastically following the series of caucuses and primaries. McCain emerged on top in nine states, managing to claim victories in states rich with delegates, including California and Missouri. Super Tuesday 2008 also saw a shift in attitude for McCain, who appeared to sense his impending nomination prior to the Republican National Convention that year. Speaking at a rally in his home state the night of Super Tuesday, McCain had this to say about his truly Super Tuesday:

    2012 — Mitt Romney

    It took a lot for the man who would ultimately face Obama in the 2012 election to nab the Republican nomination. During Super Tuesday 2012, Mitt Romney won six out of 10 states. The victory wasn't a major coup but it did signify an important moment in the Romney campaign. Following the mixture of primaries and caucuses, Romney earned enough delegates to put him well over his rival candidates. With 404 total delegates following Super Tuesday, the former Massachusetts governor had more delegates than the other three Republican candidates combined. Such a lead was what ultimately led to Romney's presidential nomination.

    'Super Tuesday 2000 accomplished exactly what the fixers designed it to do'

    After the first election year contests in Iowa and New Hampshire, the Republicans took the scenic route to Super Tuesday that led through South Carolina, Michigan and Virginia. The Democrats went more directly to it, amid far less squabbling and without nearly so much entertainment. Last night, though, both American parties rejoined one another to find their presidential nominations at the same place and back in step.

    Super Tuesday 2000 accomplished exactly what the fixers designed it to do, by enabling the two party establishment favourites to rack up emphatic wins in yesterday's contests which effectively end their respective challengers' hopes. The contest in November will be Al Gore v George W Bush, just as the party bosses planned. Bill Bradley won't you please go home now. And bye bye Johnnie McCain.

    On the Democratic side, last night's results were a triple triumph for Al Gore. Not only did the vice-president knock down Bill Bradley's challenge everywhere that it raised its head, giving Gore eleven wins out of eleven yesterday. He also won each contest by a distance. And, in addition, Gore had the satisfaction of accomplishing a shut-out mission that he himself helped to plan.

    The vice-president's wins were big. Gore won in California, where Bradley was supposed to have so much Silicon Valley support he won in New York, where Bradley was meant to be rewarded for those idolised years on the Knicks' basketball court he won in Missouri, where Bradley was born and raised he won in New England, where Democrats are supposed to lean to the kind of gentle left alternative which Bradley was offering. In most places, Gore didn't just defeat Bradley, he overwhelmed him. The margin was over 65 points in Georgia, a state with a moderate Democratic governor, a result which, in itself, is surely enough for Bradley to see the futility of continuing into next week, when there are six more southern primaries.

    Assuming that Bradley now withdraws, as surely he will, the redesign of Super Tuesday 2000 has worked exactly the way that the Gore people anticipated. They themselves moved the California primary up the calendar from June to March precisely in order to make the largest state - which Gore has worked for years - count for more in the scheme of things. That made March 7 into a hurdle which only a well-funded, well-grounded candidate could clear. Yesterday was in every sense a victory for the Democratic machine that Al Gore controls.

    But a mirror image triumph was played out yesterday on the Republican side too. March 7 was also tailor made for the frontrunner George W Bush, with his money, his endorsements, his organisation and his conservatism. Here too, the proliferation of contests enabled the front-runner to defeat an overextended rival. If California had not voted yesterday, McCain's clutch of little wins in New England states would look much more impressive than they do this morning, when they are eclipsed by his losses in California and elsewhere.

    In terms of individual states won and lost in this campaign, McCain and Bush still remain more or less on competitive terms this morning. But today the weight and the momentum is all irresistibly with Bush. California, Ohio and a majority among voters in the byzantine politics of New York give the Texas governor the wins that mattered most.

    A bad outlook for McCain only gets worse when you consider that the nine next Republican primaries - three in the western mountain states this weekend, and six in the south next week - all look to have Bush's name on them. This time next week, as McCain knows only too well, things will look even more formidably difficult than they already do today. It's no wonder that the McCain camp is massively divided this morning about almost every decision that it must now take. To carry on or to quit. To bolt to the Reform Party or not. To go back to the drawing board for 2004 or not.

    Yet, listening to Bush and McCain address their supporters last night there was little doubt that they both recognised this was the decisive moment of the 2000 nominating campaign. Bush, like Gore, addressed himself to the November election not next week's primaries. McCain seemed to be signalling that, after a day or two of reflection, he will pull out. The mathematics of the delegate count for the national convention is simply against him.

    And so it will be, as some intended and many feared, an establishment v establishment general election, though with two candidates who are far from interchangeable. The big question today, as the rebels prepare to retreat from the field, is what happens to their voters? It is not clear that either Bush or Gore holds any instant appeal for what, a couple of weeks ago, called itself "the McCain majority" Inevitably now, the Reform Party - under Pat Buchanan or even Ross Perot once again - looms as a bigger player in the new game. The bigger likelihood is that the political rebels will simply decide to sit this one out, reducing the turnout in November still further in a country where fewer than half of the electorate now vote in presidential elections.

    2012: Romney wins in his second go-round

    Credit: AP / Stephan Savoia

    On Super Tuesday in 2012, Romney won six Republican contests -- including the key state of Ohio -- while former Pennsylvania Sen. Rick Santorum prevailed in three and Gingrich, the former House speaker, took only his home state of Georgia. The incumbent occupying the White House, Obama, swept Super Tuesday on the Democratic side without any serious competition. He defeated Romney to win re-election that fall.
    Above, Romney smiles as he addresses supporters at his Super Tuesday campaign rally on March 6, 2012, in Boston. He easily won on his home turf of Massachusetts.

    Barack Obama’s Feb. 5 Speech

    BARACK OBAMA: Thank you. (Cheers, applause.) Thank you. Thank you.

    Thank you. Thank you so much. Thank you. Thank you.

    Well, first of all, let me just say I could not have a better senior senator than our great senator from the state of Illinois, Dick Durbin. (Cheers, applause.)

    I have too many friends to mention each one of them individually. But it is good to be back home. (Cheers, applause.) It is good to be home. It is good to be home. It is good to have Michelle home. (Cheers, applause.) The girls are with us tonight, but we asked them, "Do you want to come on stage?" And Malia, our nine-year-old, said, "Daddy, you know that's not my thing." (Laughter.) So they're upstairs doing what they do. (Laughter.)

    Before I begin, I just want to send my condolences to the victims of the storms that hit Tennessee and Arkansas today. They are in our thoughts and in our prayers, and we hope that our federal government will respond quickly and rapidly to make sure that they get all the help that they need. (Applause.)

    The polls are just closing in California. (Cheers, applause.) And the votes are still being counted in cities and towns across America. But there is one thing --

    AUDIENCE MEMBER: We love you, Barack.

    MR. OBAMA: You know I love you back. (Laughter, cheers, applause.) But there is one thing on this February night that we do not need the final results to know. Our time has come. (Cheers, applause.) Our time has come. Our movement is real. (Cheers, applause.) And change is coming to America. (Cheers, applause.)

    Only a few hundred miles from here, almost one year ago to the day, as Dick said, we stood on the steps of the old state capitol to reaffirm a truth that was spoken there so many generations ago, that a house divided cannot stand -- (cheers) -- that we are more than a collection of red states and blue states. We are and always will be the United States of America. (Cheers, applause.)

    What began as a whisper in Springfield soon carried across the cornfields of Iowa, where farmers and factory workers, students and seniors stood up in numbers we have never seen before. They stood up to say that maybe this year we don't have to settle for politics where scoring points is more important than solving problems. (Cheers, applause.) Maybe this year we can finally start doing something about health care we can't afford. (Cheers.) Maybe this year we can start doing something about mortgages we can't pay. Maybe this year, this time can be different. (Cheers, applause.)

    Their voices echoed from the hills of New Hampshire to the deserts of Nevada, where teachers and cooks and kitchen workers stood up to say that maybe Washington doesn't have to be run by lobbyists anymore. (Cheers, applause.) Maybe the voices of the American people can finally be heard again. (Cheers, applause.)

    They reached the coast of South Carolina, when people said that maybe we don't have to be divided by race and region and gender -- (cheers, applause) -- that the crumbling schools are stealing the future of black children and white children -- (cheers, applause) -- that we can come together and build an America that gives every child everywhere the opportunity to live out their dreams. This time can be different. (Cheers, applause.)

    And today, on this Tuesday in February, in states north and south, east and west, what began as a whisper in Springfield has swelled to a chorus of millions calling for change. (Cheers, applause.) It's a chorus that cannot be ignored, a chorus that cannot be deterred. This time can be different because this campaign for the presidency of the United States of America is different. (Cheers, applause.)

    (Chants of "Yes, We Can! Yes, We Can!")

    It's different not because of me. It's different because of you -- (cheers, applause) -- because you are tired of being disappointed and you're tired of being let down. (Cheers, applause.) You're tired of hearing promises made and plans proposed in the heat of a campaign, only to have nothing change when everyone goes back to Washington. (Cheers, applause.)

    Nothing changes because lobbyists just write another check or politicians start worrying about how to win the next election instead of why they should -- (cheers, applause) -- or because they focus on who's up and who's down instead of who matters.

    And while Washington is consumed with the same drama and divisions and distractions, another family puts up a "For sale" sign in their front yard, another factory shuts its doors, another soldier waves goodbye as he leaves on another tour of duty in a war that should have never been authorized and should have never been waged -- (cheers, applause) -- that goes on and on and on. (Cheers, applause.)

    But in this election, at this moment, you are standing up all across this country to say, "Not this time" -- (cheers) -- "not this year."

    (Crowd says in unison, "Not this year.")

    The stakes are too high and the challenges too great to play the same Washington game with the same Washington players and somehow expect a different result. This time must be different. This time we have to turn the page. This time we have to write a new chapter in American history. (Cheers, applause.) This time we have to seize the moment. (Cheers, applause.)

    Now, this isn't about me and it's not about Senator Clinton. As I've said before, she was a friend before this campaign. She'll be a friend after it's over. (Cheers.) I respect her. I respect her as a colleague. I congratulate her on her victories tonight. She's been running an outstanding race.

    But this fall, this fall we owe the American people a real choice. (Cheers, applause.) We have to choose between change and more of the same. We have to choose between looking backwards and looking forward. (Cheers, applause.) We have to choose between our future and our past.

    It's a choice between going into this election with Republicans and independents already united against us or going against their nominee with a campaign that has united Americans of all parties, from all backgrounds, from all races, from all religions, around a common purpose. (Cheers, applause.)

    It's a choice between having a debate with the other party about who has the most experience in Washington or having one about who's most likely to change Washington -- (cheers, applause) -- because that's a debate that we can win. (Cheers, applause.)

    It's a choice between a candidate who's taken more money from Washington lobbyists than either Republican in this race and a campaign that has not taken a dime of their money because we have been funded by you. You have funded this campaign. (Cheers, applause.)

    (Chants of "Yes, We Can! Yes, We Can!")

    And if I am your nominee, my opponent will not be able to say that I voted for the war in Iraq, because I didn't -- (cheers) -- or that I gave George Bush the benefit of the doubt on Iran, because I haven't -- (cheers, applause) -- or that I support the Bush-Cheney doctrine of not talking to leaders we don't like, because I profoundly disagree with that approach. (Cheers, applause.) And he will not be able to say that I wavered on something as fundamental as whether or not it's okay for America to use torture, because it's never okay. That is the choice in this election. (Cheers, applause.)

    The Republicans running for president have already tied themselves to the past. They speak of a 100-year war in Iraq. They talk about billions more in tax breaks for the wealthiest few, who don't need them and didn't even ask for them, tax breaks that mortgage our children's future on a mountain of debt at a time when there are families who can't pay their medical bills and students who can't pay their tuition. (Cheers, applause.)

    Those Republicans are running on the politics of yesterday. And that is why our party must be the party of tomorrow. (Cheers, applause.) And that is the party that I intend to lead as president of the United States of America. (Cheers, applause.)

    I'll be the president who ends the tax breaks to companies that ship our jobs overseas -- (cheers) -- and start putting them in the pockets of hard-working Americans who deserve them, and struggling homeowners who deserve them and seniors who should retire with dignity and respect, and deserve them. (Cheers, applause.)

    I'll be the president who finally brings Democrats and Republicans together to make health care affordable and available for every single American. (Cheers, applause.)

    We will put a college education within the reach of anyone who wants to go. (Cheers, applause.) And instead of just talking about how great our teachers are, we will reward them for their greatness with more pay and better support. (Cheers, applause.)

    And we will harness the ingenuity of farmers and scientists and entrepreneurs to free this nation from the tyranny of oil once and for all. (Cheers, applause.) And we will invest in solar and wind and biodiesel, clean energy, green energy that can fuel economic development for generations to come. That's what we're going to do when I'm president of the United States. (Cheers, applause.)

    When I'm president, we will put an end to the politics of fear -- (cheers, applause) -- a politics that uses 9/11 as a way to scare up votes. We're going to start seeing 9/11 as a challenge that should unite America and the world against the common threats of the 21st century, terrorism and nuclear weapons, climate change and poverty, genocide and disease. (Cheers, applause.)

    We can do this. (Cheers, applause.) We can do this.

    (Crowd says in unison, "Yes, we can.")

    But it will not be easy. It will require struggle and it will require sacrifice. There will be setbacks, and we will make mistakes. And that is why we need all the help we can get. (Cheers, applause.)

    So tonight I want to speak directly to all those Americans who have yet to join this movement but still hunger for change. They know it in their gut. They know we can do better than we're doing. They know that we can take our politics to a higher level. But they're afraid. They've been taught to be cynical. They're doubtful that it can be done.

    But I'm here to say tonight to all of you who still harbor those doubts, we need you. (Cheers, applause.) We need you to stand with us. (Cheers, applause.) We need you to work with us. (Cheers, applause.) We need you to help us prove that together, ordinary people can still do extraordinary things in the United States of America. (Cheers, applause.)

    I am blessed to be standing in the city where my own extraordinary journey of service began. (Cheers, applause.) You know, just a few miles from here, down on the south side, in the shadow of a shuttered steel plant, it was there that I learned what it takes to make change happen. I was a young organizer then -- in fact, there are some folks here who I organized with -- a young organizer intent on fighting joblessness and poverty on the south side.

    And I still remember one of the very first meetings I put together. We had worked on it for days. We had made phone calls. We had knocked on doors. We had put out fliers. But on that night, nobody showed up. (Laughter.) Our volunteers who had worked so hard felt so defeated, they wanted to quit. And to be honest, so did I. But at that moment, I happened to look outside and I saw some young boys tossing stones at a boarded-up apartment building across the street. They were like the boys in so many cities across the country, little boys, but without prospects, without guidance, without hope for the future. And I turned to the volunteers and I asked them, "Before you quit, before you give up, I want you to answer one question: What will happen to those boys if we don't stand up for them?" (Cheers, applause.)

    And those volunteers, they looked out that window and they saw those boys and they decided that night to keep going, to keep organizing, keep fighting for better schools, fighting for better jobs, fighting for better health care. And I did too. And slowly but surely, in the weeks and months to come, the community began to change.

    You see, the challenges we face will not be solved with one meeting in one night. It will not be resolved on even a Super Duper Tuesday. Change will not come if we wait for some other person or if we wait for some other time. We are the ones we've been waiting for. (Cheers, applause.) We are the change that we seek. We are the hope of those boys who have so little, who've been told that they cannot have what they dream, that they cannot be what they imagine. Yes, they can. (Cheers, applause.)

    We are the hope of the father who goes to work before dawn and lies awake with doubt that tells him he cannot give his children the same opportunities that someone gave him. Yes, he can.

    (Crowd says in unison, "Yes, he can.")

    We are the hope of the woman who hears that her city will not be rebuilt, that she cannot somehow claim the life that was swept away in a terrible storm. Yes, she can.

    (Crowd says in unison, "Yes, she can.")

    We are the hope of the future, the answer to the cynics who tell us our house must stand divided, that we cannot come together, that we cannot remake this world as it should be.

    We know that we have seen something happen over the last several weeks, over the past several months. We know that what began as a whisper has now swelled to a chorus that cannot be ignored -- (cheers, applause) -- that will not be deterred, that will ring out across this land as a hymn that will heal this nation -- (cheers, applause) -- repair this world, make this time different than all the rest. Yes, we can.

    Let's go to work. Yes, we can. Yes, we can. Yes, we can.

    (Chants of "Yes, We Can! Yes, We Can!")

    Thank you, Chicago. Let's go get to work. I love you. (Cheers, applause.)

    Historical Events in 2008

      13th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: No Country for Old Men wins Best Film College Football, 10th BCS National Championship Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans: #2 LSU beats #1 Ohio State, 38-24 New Jersey officially apologizes for slavery, becoming the first Northern state to do so.

    Film and TV Awards

    Event of Interest

    Jan 8 Joe Gibbs retires, for the second time, as head coach of the Washington Redskins

    Golden Globes

    Jan 13 65th Golden Globes (announced): Atonement, Daniel Day-Lewis, & Julie Christie win

      Orlando Magic knock down a then NBA-record 23 3-pointers in 37 attempts (62.2%) Jameer Nelson goes 5-for-5 from beyond the arc as Magic beat the Sacramento Kings, 139-107 MESSENGER spacecraft performs a Mercury flyby

    United Nations

    Jan 18 The United Nations announce George Clooney as a UN messenger of peace

      AFC Championship, Gillette Stadium, Foxborough: New England Patriots beat San Diego Chargers, 21-12 NFC Championship, Lambeau Field, Green Bay: New York Giants beat Green Bay Packers, 23-20 (OT)

    Event of Interest

    Jan 20 "Breaking Bad", created by Vince Gilligan and starring Bryan Cranston and Aaron Paul premieres on AMC

      Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 9/11, and Asian stocks drop as much as 15%. The Eyak language in Alaska becomes extinct as its last native speaker dies

    Australian Open Women's Tennis

    Jan 26 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Russian Maria Sharapova wins her first and only Australian title beats Ana Ivanović of Serbia 7-5, 6-3

    Australian Men's Tennis Open

    Jan 27 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Novak Đoković beats Jo-Wilfried Tsonga of France 4-6, 6-4, 6-3, 7-6 to become first Serbian player to win a Grand Slam title

      56th NHL All-Star Game, Phillips Arena, Atlanta, GA: Eastern Conference beats Western Conference, 8-7 MVP: Eric Staal, Carolina, C 24th Sundance Film Festival: "Frozen River", directed by Courtney Hunt, wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic Canadian jockey Russell Baze rides his 10,000th career winner aboard Two Step Cat in 3rd race at Golden Gate Fields, Albany, CA prevails in a 3-horse photo finish Minnesota starter Johan Santana signs a 6-year, $137.5 million deal with the New York Mets to become the highest-paid pitcher in MLB history trade from Twins to Mets official the next day

    Super Bowl

    Feb 3 Super Bowl XLII, University of Phoenix Stadium, Glendale, AZ: New York Giants beat New England Patriots, 17-14 MVP: Eli Manning, New York, QB

      A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States leaves at least 58 dead, the most since the May 31, 1985 outbreak that killed 88. 58th Berlin International Film Festival: "Elite Squad" wins the Golden Bear Nebraska bans electric chair as sole execution method The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damages Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea.

    Grammy Awards

    Feb 10 50th Grammy Awards: Amy Winehouse wins 5 awards including song "Rehab", Herbie Hancock wins Album of the Year

    BAFTA Awards

    Feb 10 61st British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "Atonement" Best Film, Ethan and Joel Coen Best Director

    NBA All-Star Game

    Feb 17 57th NBA All-Star Game, New Orleans Arena, New Orleans, LA: East beats West, 134-128 MVP: LeBron James, Cleveland Cavaliers, F

      50th Daytona 500: Ryan Newman wins shootout going into the final turn from Tony Stewart, and the Busch brothers, Kurt and Kyle

    Event of Interest

    Feb 18 Laureus World Sports Awards, Marinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg, Russia: Sportsman: Roger Federer Sportswoman: Justine Henin Team: South African Men's National Rugby Union team

      Toshiba announces its formal recall of its HD DVD video format, ending the format war between it and Sony's Blu-Ray Disc Serzh Sargsyan wins the Armenian Presidential Election B-2 Spirit of the USAF crashes at Guam. Crew survives but aircraft written off, the most expensive air crash in human history (aircraft alone cost $1.2Bn). B-2 had a perfect safety record before the crash not one B-2 ever crashed. 28th Golden Raspberry Awards: "I Know Who Killed Me" wins

    Event of Interest

    Feb 24 Fidel Castro retires as the President of Cuba due to ill health after nearly fifty years

    Academy Awards

      Former Prime Minister of Thailand Thaksin Shinawatra is arrested on corruption charges upon returning to Thailand after months of exile. Riots in Yerevan, Armenia concerning the Armenian presidential election, 2008 come to a fatal end, with police forces clashing with civilians in their peaceful protest, resulting in 8 deaths.

    Album Release

    Mar 3 Duffy releases her debut album "Rockferry" (2009 Grammy Best Pop Vocal Album)

    Event of Interest

    Mar 11 Plácido Domingo named "The King of Singers" in BBC Music Magazine, based on voting by 16 renowned opera critics for the April 2008 issue

      Streaming service Hulu launches for public access in the United States Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.


    Mar 30 WrestleMania XXIV, Florida Citrus Bowl, Orlando, FL: Kane defeats Chavo Guerrero Randy Orton beats Triple H and John Cena in a title Triple Threat match The Undertaker downs Edge

      Aloha Airlines, a bankrupt airline, permanently ends passenger service New York Yankees set a MLB record by winning their 11th straight home opener, 3-2 against Toronto Blue Jays

    #1 in the Charts

    Apr 3 Mariah Carey overtakes Elvis Presley's record of 17 No. 1 US hits with her 18th ‘Touch My Body’, only The Beatles have more with 20

      Raid on Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints owned YFZ Ranch in Texas 401 children and 133 women taken into state custody 161st Grand National: 7/1 joint favourite Comply or Die wins in Irish jockey Timmy Murphy's 11th attempt, 4 lengths ahead of King John's Castle Kraft Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: top-ranked Lorena Ochoa of Mexico shoots a bogey-free final round 67 to win by 5 strokes ahead of Suzann Pettersen and Annika Sörenstam 70th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kansas beats Memphis, 75-68 first time since seeding began, all 4 top seeds advance to the Final Four The construction of the world's first building to integrate wind turbines completes, in Bahrain. 27th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Stanford, 64-48 Volunteers' back-to-back titles coach Pat Summitt, 8 national championships

    US Masters Golf

    Apr 13 72nd US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Trevor Immelman of South Africa wins his first major title, 3 strokes ahead of Tiger Woods Immelman leads, or ties for the lead after every round

    CMT Music Awards

    Apr 14 42nd CMT Music Awards: Taylor Swift and Trace Adkins win

    Event of Interest

    Apr 16 Start of Papal Journey of Pope Benedict XVI to the United States

      NBA owners give approval of a potential Seattle SuperSonics' relocation to Oklahoma City in a 28–2 vote by the Board of Governors Danica Patrick driving for Andretti Green Racing wins the Indy Japan 300 at Twin Ring Motegi first female driver in history to win an IndyCar Series race 54th British Academy Television Awards: "Fonejacker" Best Comedy, "The Street" best Drama The United States Air Force retires the F-117 Nighthawk. 112th Boston Marathon: 3rd straight men's title for Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot of Kenya in 2:07:45 Dire Tune of Ethiopia women's winner in 2:25:25 NFL Draft: University of Michigan offensive tackle Jake Long first pick by Miami Dolphins

    Event of Interest

    Apr 30 Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia, were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters

    Event of Interest

    Apr 30 Heidi Klum launches her clothing line for Jordache

      The London Agreement on translation of European patents, concluded in 2000, enters into force in 14 of the 34 Contracting States to the European Patent Convention. Cyclone Nargis makes landfall in Myanmar killing over 130,000 people and leaving millions of people homeless

    Film Release

    May 2 First film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe released "Iron Man" directed by Jon Favreau, starring Robert Downey Jr. as Tony Stark

    Agreement of Interest

    May 4 Seth MacFarlane reaches an agreement worth $100 million with Fox to keep "Family Guy" and "American Dad" on television until 2012, making MacFarlane the world's highest paid television writer

    Event of Interest

    May 7 Dmitry Medvedev is sworn in as the 3rd President of the Russian Federation

    Event of Interest

    May 8 Dmitry Medvedev appoints Vladimir Putin as Russian Prime Minister

    Event of Interest

    May 10 Philippine court acquits Imelda Marcos in a 17-year-old case of 32 counts of illegal transfer of wealth totaling $863 million in Swiss bank accounts

    TV Show Appearance

    May 11 Charo makes a guest appearance on the Latin-themed VH1 reality show Viva Hollywood

      PGA Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Sergio García of Spain claims the biggest win of his career to date in a sudden-death playoff over American Paul Goydos Wenchuan earthquake, measuring 7.8 in magnitude occurs in Sichuan, China, killing over 87,000, injuring 374,643 and leaving homeless between 4.8 million and 11 million people California becomes the second U.S. state after Massachusetts in 2004 to legalize same-sex marriage after the state's own Supreme Court rules a previous ban unconstitutional. 133rd Preakness: Kent Desormeaux aboard Big Brown wins in 1:54.80 English FA Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London (82,752): Portsmouth beats Cardiff City, 1-0 Nwankwo Kanu scores 37' winner NHL Eastern Conference Final: Pittsburgh Penguins beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 1

    Music Awards

    May 18 43rd Academy of Country Music Awards: Kenny Chesney, Brad Paisley, and Carrie Underwood win

      NHL Western Conference Final: Detroit Red Wings beat Dallas Stars, 4 games to 2 UEFA Champions League Final, Moscow: Manchester United beats Chelsea, 6-5 on penalties after scores tied at 1-1 after extra time first all-English final in the competition's history The International Court of Justice (ICJ) awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries. 53rd Eurovision Song Contest: Dima Bilan for Russia wins singing "Believe" in Belgrade Indianapolis 500: Scott Dixon of New Zealand wins ahead of Vítor Meira and Marco Andretti 19th winner from pole and first victor from NZ 61st Cannes Film Festival: "The Class" directed by Laurent Cantet wins the Palme d'Or

    Event of Interest

    May 25 Senior PGA Championship Men’s Golf, Oak Hill CC: Jay Haas wins his second title in the event by 1 stroke from Germany’s Bernhard Langer

      The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declares Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.

    World Record

    May 31 Usain Bolt breaks the world record in the 100m sprint, with a wind-legal (+1.7m/s) 9.72 seconds

      Super Rugby Final, Christchurch: Canterbury Crusaders claim their 7th title with a 20-12 win over NSW Waratahs Dan Carter kicks 4 penalties & a dropped goal for the home team A fire at the backlot of Universal Studios Hollywood destroys several icons from movies, such as Courthouse Square, the clock tower from Back to the Future, and the King Kong exhibit on the studio tour. IPL Cricket Final, DY Patil Stadium, Mumbai: Rajasthan Royals win inaugural event beat Chennai Super Kings by 3 wickets Yusuf Pathan top scores with 56 (39) Stanley Cup Final, Civic Center, Pittsburgh, PA: Detroit Red Wings defeat Pittsburgh Penguins, 3-2 for a 4-2 series win Red Wings' 11th Championship


    Jun 4 British TV presenter Michael Parkinson is knighted by Queen Elizabeth at Buckingham Palace

      140th Belmont: Alan Garcia aboard Da Tara wins in 2:29.65 French Open Women's Tennis: Ana Ivanović of Serbia wins her only Grand Slam singles title beats Russian Dinara Safina 6-4, 6-3 The Akihabara massacre took place on the Sunday-pedestrian-zoned Chūōdōri street. A man killed seven in an attack on a crowd using a truck and a dagger. LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Bulle Rock GC: 19-year old tour rookie Yani Tseng of Taiwan wins a 4th hole playoff over Swede Maria Hjorth

    French Open Men's Tennis

    Jun 8 French Open Men's Tennis: Rafael Nadal equals Björn Borg's Open era record of 4 consecutive French titles outclasses Roger Federer 6-1, 6-3, 6-0

    Event of Interest

    Jun 11 Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper made an official historic apology to Canada's First Nations in regard to a residential school abuse in which children were isolated from their homes, families and cultures for a century

      Ireland rejects the Lisbon Treaty in a referendum, thus putting into question the reform programme of the European Union.

    Album Release

    Jun 12 Coldplay release their 4th studio album " Viva la Vida or Death" (winner of 3 Grammys)

      "Viva la Vida" single released by Coldplay, - their 1st US No. 1, (Grammy Song of the Year) 62nd Tony Awards: In the Heights & August: Osage County win US Open Men's Golf, Torrey Pines GC: Tiger Woods wins his 3rd US Open and 14th major title, beating Rocco Mediate on the 1st hole of sudden-death, following a Monday 18-hole playoff First day of legal same-sex marriage in California NBA Finals: Boston Celtics beat Los Angeles Lakers, 131-92 in Game 6 for first title since 1986 and 17th overall MVP: Paul Pierce Félix Hernández of the Seattle Mariners hits a grand slam home run against New York Mets, 1st pitcher since Steve Dunning in 1971 Atlantis Plastics shooting, An employee shot and killed five people after an argument, which ended in the gunman's suicide in Henderson, Kentucky The U.S. Supreme Court rules in District of Columbia v. Heller that the ban on handguns in the District of Columbia is unconstitutional. NBA Draft: Memphis point guard Derrick Rose first pick by Chicago Bulls

    Event of Interest

    Jun 27 Bill Gates steps down as Chairman of Microsoft Corporation to work full time for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

      Glastonbury Festival 2008 in Pilton, England opens: Kings Of Leon, Jay-Z, and The Verve headline other performers include Leonard Cohen, Neil Diamond, The Ting-Tings, Sinéad O'Connor, Gilbert O'Sullivan, Joan Baez, Jimmy Cliff, Suzanne Vega, and Crowded House Thomas Beatie, the world's first pregnant man, gives birth to a daughter UEFA European Championship Final, Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna, Austria: Fernando Torres scores as Spain beats Germany, 1-0

    Music Concert

    Jun 29 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England Leonard Cohen the highlight singing ""Hallelujah"

      US Open Women's Golf, Interlachen CC: 19-year-old South Korean Inbee Park wins the first of her 7 major titles by 4 strokes ahead of runner-up Helen Alfredsson Denmark is the first European economy to confirm it is in recession since the global credit crunch began its GDP shrinks 0.6% in the first quarter after a 0.2% contraction in the fourth quarter of 2007 Ingrid Betancourt and 14 other FARC hostages are rescued by the Colombian armed forces. A settlement is reached allowing former NBA franchise the Seattle SuperSonics to move to Oklahoma City, Oklahoma new owner Clay Bennett agrees to pay City of Seattle $45 million to wriggle out of last 2 years of KeyArena lease

    Wimbledon Women's Tennis

    Jul 5 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Venus Williams successfully defends her title beating younger sister Serena 7-5, 6-4

    Event of Interest

    Jul 8 American businessman T. Boone Pickens announces his "Pickens Plan", an energy policy that moves away from imported oil

      Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boškoski is acquitted of all charges by a UN Tribunal accusing him of war crimes Canadian harness racer John Campbell wins his 10,000th race as a driver by guiding 'Share the Delight' to victory in the 6th race at Meadowlands Racetrack

    Event of Interest

    Jul 13 Brewing company InBev announces deal to buy American brewer Anheuser-Busch for almost $52 billion

    Film Premier

    Jul 14 "The Dark Knight" directed by Christopher Nolan, starring Christian Bale and Heath Ledger, premieres in New York

      79th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-3 at Yankee Stadium, New York Malaysian politician Anwar Ibrahim is arrested on sodomy charges in Malaysia British Open Men's Golf, Royal Birkdale GC: Irishman Pádraig Harrington successfully defends his Open title shoots 4-under par over the final 9 to be 4 strokes clear of runner-up Ian Poulter 16th ESPY Awards: Tiger Woods, Candace Parker win Bosnian-Serb war criminal Radovan Karadžić is arrested in Serbia and is indicted by the UN's ICTY tribunal

    Film Premier

    Jul 30 "Slumdog Millionaire" based on the novel "Q & A" by Vikas Swarup, directed by Danny Boyle and starring Dev Patel premieres at the Telluride Film Festival (Best Picture 2009)

    Historic Publication

    Aug 2 "Breaking Dawn", 4th book in Stephenie Meyer's "Twilight Saga" is published by Little Brown at midnight with a print run of 3.7 million copies

    Event of Interest

    Aug 3 Morgan Freeman is injured in an automobile accident near Ruleville, Mississippi, when his car flipped over several times on the highway

      US Senior Open Men's Golf, Broadmoor GC: Eduardo Romero of Argentina wins by 4 strokes ahead of Fred Funk for his second Champions Tour major title British Open Women's Golf, Sunningdale GC: Jiyai Shin of South Korea shoots final round 66 (−6) to win her first major championship, 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Yani Tseng Access 31 TV stops broadcasting in Perth, Western Australia A military junta led by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz stages a coup d'etat in Mauritania, overthrowing president Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi Beginning of the Russo-Georgian War: Georgia moves troops into self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Tskhinva who are supported by Russia. First European war of the 21st century. IXXX Summer Olympic Games open in Beijing, China United States takes all 3 medals in women's fencing sabre event at the Beijing Olympics first US podium sweep of a fencing event since 1904 Mariel Zagunis takes gold ahead of Sada Jacobson & Rebecca Ward PGA Championship Men's Golf, Oakland Hills CC: Irishman Pádraig Harrington wins his second straight major by 2 shots from Sergio Garcia and Ben Curtis British cyclist Nicole Cooke wins the road race at the Beijing Olympics Great Britain's 200th gold in the modern Olympics

    World Record

    Aug 10 American super-star swimmer Michael Phelps wins the 400m individual medley at the Beijing Olympics in world record 4:03.84

    Watch the video: Thanos Dimopoulos @ Patras Mayor Ball Masque 2008 - 44 (May 2022).