Mary Queen of Scots, was born in 1542 and was executed on 1587. It is generally believed that Mary's execution - ordered by Elizabeth I - was the final reason Philip II needed to launch the Spanish Armada. There are few other figures in Tudor England who had such an eventful life, though for Mary, Queen of Scots, it was to end in tragedy.
Italy and Germany 1936 to 1940 After the rebuff Italy experienced after her invasion of Abyssinia, the only choice of allies left for Mussolini was Germany and Franco's Spain. In July 1936, a civil war broke out in Spain between the Republicans and the Nationalists lead by the army General Franco. The Republicans got support from various groups throughout Europe.
The P51 Mustang was one of the most effective planes of World War Two. The P51 Mustang gave the bombers of US 8th Air Force the fighter cover it so desperately needed over occupied Europe and, therefore, greatly assisted the bombing campaign against Nazi Germany in World War Two. The P51 was originally ordered in April 1940 by the British Air Purchasing Commission.
Judicial supremacy remains a key issue within the whole spectrum of the judiciary. It would be easy to view the senior law lords as being supreme in British politics. This would not be so, however. Any legal ruling by a judge, judges, law lords etc. can be overturned by an Act of Parliament. This means that, despite a probable time delay, the power of a democratically elected body can exercise its authority over the judiciary.
Franz Gürtner was Reich Minister of Justice in Adolf Hitler's first Cabinet. Gürtner was not a member of the Nazi Party's 'Old Guard' (Alte Kämpfer) but Hitler held him in high regard and rewarded Gürtner with a high Cabinet post in early 1933. Franz Gürtner was born in Regensburg on August 26 th 1881.
On August 20 th 1940, Winston Churchill gave one of his most famous speeches celebrating the bravery of Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain and Bomber Command in its attacks on Nazi Germany. To celebrate the part played by the men of the RAF, Churchill addressed the House of Commons. His speech is seen as being as famous as his 'we'll fight them on the beaches…we'll never surrender” speech.