Joseph Goebbels was born in 1897 and died in 1945. Goebbels was Hitler's Minister of Propaganda and one of the most important and influential people in Nazi Germany. Goebbels was born in the Rhineland and he attended the established Heidelberg University where he was awarded a doctorate of philosophy in 1920.
The Constitution of the United States originally called for individual states to appoint their Senators in Congress, instead of having the people of each state vote for them. More than a century later, the Constitution was amended to give citizens the right to vote directly for their Senators, rather than electing the state representatives who would make the choice.
Russification was the name given to a policy of Alexander III. Russification was designed to take the sting out of those who wanted to reform Russia and to bind all the Russian people around one person - the tsar. Russification was first formulated in 1770 by Uvarov. He defined three areas of Russification - autocracy, orthodoxy and 'Russian-ness'.
October 1861 saw little decisive military action in the American Civil War though many skirmishes occurred. However, October 1861 did witness something that was to have a major impact on the American Civil War in later years - the promotion of General Tecumsah Sherman as commander of the Army of the Cumberland.
In June 2009, elections were held across the EU for MEP's - Members of the European Parliament. These elections in the UK were held in the aftermath of the Westminster expenses scandal when many MP's were highly criticised for making numerous, and sometimes frivolous, expense claims while two members of the House of Lords were suspended for unacceptable behaviour - the first time this has happened in many years.
The McMahon-Hussein Agreement of October 1915 was accepted by Palestinians as a promise by the British that after World War One, land previously held by the Turks would be returned to the Arab nationals who lived in that land. The McMahon-Hussein Agreement was to greatly complicate Middle East history and seemed to directly clash with the Balfour Declaration of 1917.